A recent publication by the NIDA (National Institute of Drug Abuse) indicates two new emerging commonly abused substances: “syrup” and “molly”.
They indicate that drinking prescription-strength cough syrup containing codeine and promethazine mixed with soda was referenced frequently in rap music beginning in the late 90s and has now become increasingly popular among youth in several areas of the country. Users commonly refer to the drug as “syrup,” “purple drank”, “sizzurp”, and/or “lean”. The codeine in these cough syrups is an opiod that can produce relaxation and euphoria when consumed in sufficient quantities. Also, promethazine is an antihistamine that also acts as a sedative. Sometimes users flavor the mixture with the addition of hard candies.
“Syrup” poses a risk because it contains codeine. Codeine and other opioids present a high risk of fatal overdose due to their effect of depressing the central nervous system, which can slow or stop the heart and lungs. Often, users mix “syrup” with alcohol, which greatly increases this risk. Deaths from prescription opioid medications now outnumber overdose deaths from all other drugs (including cocaine and heroin). Interestingly, codeine-promethazine cough syrup has been linked to the overdose deaths of some prominent rap musicians.
Next, drug users have named “Molly” —slang for “molecular”— is a pure crystalline powder form of the club drug MDMA (3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine) which in pill form is known as ecstasy. The NIDA also reports that abuse of this drug is on the rise. “Molly”, which is usually purchased in capsules, has seen a surge in interest in the past few years, also reportedly often abused y by popular music artists. The NIDA reports that MDMA in any form produces energy and euphoria in users but also may dangerously affect body temperature and cause confusion, depression, and sleep problems.
Users may be seeking out “Molly” to avoid substitutes known to be commonly found in pills sold as ecstasy, such as caffeine, methamphetamine, and other harmful drugs. But those who purchase what they think is pure MDMA as Molly may actually be exposing themselves to the same risks. Hundreds of “Molly” capsules tested in two South Florida crime labs in 2012, for example, contained methylone, a dangerous stimulant commonly found in “bath salts”. Reports have also indicated that “Molly” capsules have been found containing cocaine, heroin, and other substances.
We are proud to be an in-network, preferred provider with most insurance companies. What we like about being an in-network, preferred provider with insurance companies is that it allows us to offer people who otherwise would only have the hospital and/or outpatient options for treatment can now go to an accredited, beautiful, residential center. We offer the best treatment possible in a comfortable, residential environment.
If you don’t see your insurance provider here, please check with us. We are constantly working with different insurance companies to become an in-network, preferred provider so we can offer our clients the best solution for their recovery.
Recently, psychcentral.com posted an article written by Natalie Jeanne Champagne regarding Adult ADHD and Addiction. In this very informative article, Champagne discusses the important fact that ADHD is often difficult to diagnose in adults. This is most likely why more children are diagnosed with ADHD than adults. In fact, Champagne suggests that 1-5% of adults who have ADHD do not realize they are struggling with it.
In regards to addiction, many studies have shown that there is a high correlation between ADHD and the development and exhibition of addictions. Champagne points out that those suffering from ADHD who have not been diagnosed or are not treating their ADHD exhibit a much more frequent incidence of addictive behavior than those who do not suffer from ADHD or those who are being treated for ADHD.
One may wonder why this correlation is so prevalent. Again Champagne cites research conducted that enlarges understanding this correlation: “Addiction and ADHD Adults,” Carl Sherman quotes a study by Timothy Milens, MD: “In our study…only 30 percent [of participants] said they used substances to get high… Seventy percent are doing it to improve their mood, to sleep better, or for other reasons” (2007). Sherman goes on to elaborate that abuse of substances, when connected to adult ADHD, often is based on a need to self-medicate the symptoms: “…This kind of ‘self-medication’ seems especially common among individuals whose ADHD remains undiagnosed or who have been diagnosed but have never gotten treatment” (2007).
Most of the research conducted focuses primarily on how nicotine and alcohol addiction correlate with ADHD sufferers. In fact Champagne cites Carl Sherman who indicates that, “A recent survey found that more than 15 percent of adults with the disorder had abused or were dependent upon alcohol or drugs during the previous year. That’s nearly triple the rate for adults without ADHD” (2007).
However, it has been found that other drugs are often abused as well when an individual suffers from ADHD. This includes cocaine, which can provide temporary relief from the frustrating symptoms of ADHD. The medication used to treat ADHD has stimulant properties and affects the same area of the brain as stimulant drugs (cocaine), though to a lesser (safer) degree. Primarily because of this, the potential for abuse among those being treated with adult ADHD, especially those who have a history of substance abuse, is difficult and requires a comprehensive approach.
Further, it is interesting to note that adults suffering from undiagnosed ADHD may engage in addictive behavior can prevent addictive cycles if they receive a proper diagnosis and proper treatment. With these tools, they will be less likely to turn to drugs or alcohol, and less likely to succumb to addiction.
- Generalized Anxiety disorder (GAD)
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Panic Disorder
- Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Social Phobia (or Social Anxiety disorder)
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, anxiety disorders affect about 40 million American adults age 18 years and older (about 18%) in a given year. These disorders cause individuals to be filled with fearfulness and uncertainty. Brief anxiety that can be caused by a stressful event (such as speaking in public or a first date), is very mild in comparison with anxiety disorders which last at least 6 months and can get worse if they are not treated. Anxiety disorders commonly occur with other mental or physical illnesses, including alcohol or substance abuse, which may mask anxiety symptoms or make symptoms worse. In some cases, treatment for alcohol or substance abuse needs to occur before a person will respond to treatment for an anxiety disorder. Each individual anxiety disorder has different symptoms, but all of the symptoms cluster around excessive, irrational fear and dread. (nimh.com)
Effective therapies for anxiety disorders are available, and research is uncovering new treatments that can help most people with anxiety disorders lead productive, fulfilling lives. Some effective treatments for anxiety disorders include psychotherapy, aerobic exercise and medications. The National Alliance on Mental Illness has indicated that certain psychotherapy techniques known as behavioral therapies or cognitive behavioral therapies are most useful in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy involves examining connections between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. This examination is helpful in teaching individuals to address their fears by modifying the way he or she thinks and responds to stressful events. Relaxation techniques, including meditation, are also useful for people with anxiety disorders to help decrease their stress and to help them cope with severe worrying.
Further, the importance of having a good diet and getting enough sleep are known to decrease symptoms in people with anxiety disorders. Regular exercise has also been scientifically proven to be effective and is essential to coping with anxiety disorders.
The answer is “yes” — the prevalence of eating disorders is growing more rapidly than one may think. In fact, CBS recently reported that in the past decade, eating disorder treatment centers have seen a 40-50% jump in the number of eating disorder patients over 35 years of age who were seeking help. This is interesting that what used to be viewed as a teenage or young adult disorder has jumped into middle-aged society. Dr. Cynthia Bulk, director of UNC Center for Eating disorders, has discussed how healthcare providers need to start examining the fact that men, people of all races, and people of all cultures are fighting eating disorders – not just women. It’s important to note that eating disorders don’t discriminate. You cannot tell by someone’s size or shape whether they have an eating disorder. Menopause, divorce, surgery/illness, retirement and having an “empty nest” have been shown to increase the prevalence of eating disorders in older women. In the past, many assumed that the onset of puberty or lack of social acceptance were the only triggers for eating disorders, but research is showing that older individuals are now struggling with eating disorders as well.
That’s not to say that young people are not continuing to struggle with eating disorders as well. CNN cited a study recently by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. This study showed that hospitalizations for eating disorders in children under 12 increased by 119% between 1999 and 2006. More recent numbers are unavailable, but CNN indicates, experts say the problem isn’t getting any better. The main problem that CNN reports is that “fat is the new ugly” on the playground. In other words, children and youth are feeling judged for their body weight and are taking drastic measure to avoid being teased or looked down on.
The main thing that society can do to help decrease the amount of eating disorders is to be aware of those who may be struggling. As previously mentioned, eating disorders may not show up outwardly. Some people afflicted with eating disorders look frail and thin, while others may be overweight. Often, behaviors associated with eating disorders are kept hidden and so the eating disorders aren’t discovered. If you think someone you love is struggling with an eating disorder, or if you feel you are, it’s very important to seek help – especially because of the physical damage caused to the body by years of engaging in poor eating habits.
Deciding which alcohol treatment program is best for you or your loved one can be a difficult, taxing process. There are many important factors and considerations that one may face. According to the SAMHSA (the federal government’s Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) there are 12 questions people should consider when selecting an alcohol treatment program:
- Does the program accept your insurance, and if not, will they work out an affordable payment plan?
- Is the program run by trained professionals who are state-accredited or licensed?
- Is the facility clean, organized, and run well?
- Does the program cover the full range of individual needs from medical through vocational and legal?
- Does the program address sexual orientation and disabilities, and provide age, gender, and culturally appropriate treatment services?
- Is long-term aftercare encouraged, provided, and maintained?
- Is the treatment plan continuously assessed to ensure it meets changing needs?
- Are there strategies to engage and keep the individual in longer-term treatment, which increases the chance of success?
- Are there counseling and other behavioral therapies that enhance the ability to function in the family and community?
- Is medication, if appropriate, part of the treatment?
- Is there ongoing monitoring of possible relapse to help the person return to abstinence?
- Are there services or referrals offered to family members to ensure they understand the process and support the individual in recovery
It’s clear that there are many important factors involved in the difficult choice of selecting an alcohol treatment program, but once an individual commits to a program, their chances of recovery improve drastically.
Alcohol detox is an important step in the management of and recovery from alcoholism. WebMD defines alcohol detox as, “a medically supervised period of alcohol withdrawal.” They further indicate that during this time of alcohol detox, doctors may administer medications to control symptoms of withdrawal and monitor the patient to ensure his or her safety. In addition to medical care during alcohol detox, patients usually also receive education about his or her alcohol problem and treatment.
WebMD also points out that, “medical management of alcohol withdrawal for people who are alcohol dependent is often necessary, because the symptoms of withdrawal can be dangerous.” They cite the following symptoms that can occur during alcohol detox:
Detox may or may not be necessary depending upon a patient’s age, medical status, and history of alcohol intake. It is also important to note that not everyone will experience all of these symptoms when going through alcohol detox. Most often, alcohol detox takes place in a hospital, an outpatient facility, or a specialized alcohol detox clinic. In order to recover from alcoholism, detox is extremely important and can last from a few to many days. Once detox is complete, treatment for alcoholism can begin.
When choosing a location for drug and/or alcohol rehab, many people look to the state of Utah. This is because of the beautiful and majestic settings that abound in the state of Utah. Quiet nature and the beauty of the mountainous outdoors play a key role in the peace and solidarity that are found in Utah rehab. Many rehab centers in Utah use a variety of indoor and outdoor activities as part of their therapy. For instance, hiking, rafting, fishing, mountain climbing, snowboarding, skiing, camping, walking, and a variety of other activities help individuals connect with nature while healing themselves. Some facilities also utilize equine therapy with horses surrounded by the beautiful mountainous landscape. The peace and even humility that can come from the presence of the beautiful Wasatch mountain range can provide hope and even healing for individuals. An important part of recovery in rehab is to find something larger to believe in than oneself. The amazing beauty of the nature that abounds in Utah can provide this. Not only is a beautiful serene environment a central part of drug rehab in Utah; it provides a place where patients can develop needed skills and strategies they need for the recovery process.
Breaking The Silence on Suicide. It airs this Thursday, April 25th at 10pm on KSL. It is a 30 minute commercial-free special on Suicide. The information is important for everyone to know to help prevent suffering and loss.
Although the state of Utah has less substance abuse overall then the national average, one cannot assume that this means there aren’t many individuals seeking help for drug rehab in Utah. In fact cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin and marijuana are major problems within Utah. They mainly come from the Mexican criminal organization located in the west coast and Mexico. The heroin found in Utah is the Mexican brown and the black tar. It has become a major concern for the authorities because heroin is more widely used than it was a few years ago.
Utah has recently created more laws that are more severe concerning meth labs. With the creation of these new laws and regulations, the seizing of meth labs by number from the year 1999 of 272 labs has gone to 7 labs in the year 2007. With many children populating the state of Utah, it is concerning that more and more women are becoming addicted to meth within the state. These women are so consumed with their meth addiction that the care of their children becomes an afterthought.
Further, there is some marijuana grown in some remote areas of the state.
According to addicted.org, in 2007 alone, there were over 200 arrests for marijuana possession in Utah. Also, they report that 10% of high school seniors use marijuana, and 1.7% of them use on school property.
Alcohol abuse is also a problem in Utah. The following statistics from the Utah Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health cite some insightful statistics:
- Alcohol-related car crashes kill about 67 Utahans each year, with some of those killed being innocent children who just happened to be on the same road as a dangerous drunk driver
- Approximately 28% of Utah adults aged 18-25 reported binge drinking within the past month
- Among Utah youth in grades 8, 10 and 12, alcohol use was reported more than twice as much as any other substance in 2007. Alcohol use among 12th graders is in fact higher than both cigarette and marijuana use combined. (www.dsamh.utah.gov)
It was also indicated that alcohol abuse is much higher among high school students than cigarette use and marijuana use.
The Utah Division of Substance abuse and Mental Health also reports that since 2000, prescription drugs such as OxyContin, fentanyl and methadone have led to more Utah overdose fatalities than heroin. Prescription drug abuse is a severe problem. R Gil Kerlikowske — director of the Federal Office of National Drug Control Policy — recently indicated, “Carbon County has the second-highest rate (of prescription drug abuse) in the country …with 42.9 deaths for every 100,000 residents.”
Utah drug rehabhas proven very effective for individuals seeking rehab within the state of Utah from many different addictions. Also, Utah drug rehabclients enjoy further success due to certain quality of life improvements as cited by the Utah Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health. These include: less run-ins with police after completion of Utah drug rehab treatment (reduced by 76%) and stable employment (employment rises by 17% after treatment).